short gun

short gun
mortyra statusas T sritis Gynyba apibrėžtis Didelio kalibro (ppr. 230–420 mm) trumpavamzdis (2–4 kalibrų ilgio) pabūklas, šaudantis mortyrine trajektorija. Atsirado XV a. Buvo šaudoma 50–75° pakilimo kampu. Pagrindinė mortyros paskirtis – ypač tvirtų gynybinių įrenginių griovimas. Nuo 1895 m. Rusijos lauko artilerija naudojo 152 mm graižtvinę mortyrą. 1939 m. SSRS buvo sukurta 280 mm mortyra Br-5 (šaudė ardomaisiais ir betonmušiais sviediniais, sviedinio masė 246 kg, šaudymo nuotolis 10,7 km). II pasauliniame kare mortyrą mažai naudojo, jas pakeitė minosvaidžiai ir haubicos. Šiuolaikinėse kariuomenėse nenaudojama. atitikmenys: angl. short gun rus. мортира ryšiai: dar žiūrėk„Didžioji Berta“

Artilerijos terminų žodynas – Vilnius: Generolo Jono Žemaičio Lietuvos karo akademija. . 2004.

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